Low back pain is a common issue that affects many people. It is characterized by pain and/or stiffness in the lower back area that can range from mild to severe. Symptoms of low back pain can include aching, burning, stabbing, or shooting pain, as well as tightness and tenderness in the lower back. In some cases, low back pain can also cause tingling or numbness in the buttocks, legs, and feet.
The causes of low back pain can vary widely, and can include injuries, such as strains or sprains, and conditions, such as arthritis, disc problems, scoliosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. Other possible causes of low back pain include poor posture, heavy lifting, and repetitive motions.
Diagnosing the cause of low back pain typically involves a physical examination and medical history. Imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs, may be used to help diagnose the cause of the pain.
Treatment for low back pain often focuses on relieving pain and restoring normal function. Non-surgical treatments include medications, physical therapy, heat and cold therapy, and exercise. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to treat underlying conditions.