Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when there is an excess of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is a waste product that is produced when the body breaks down purines, which are found in certain foods and drinks. Symptoms of gout include sudden and severe joint pain, redness, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. Gout can be caused by dietary factors, such as a high intake of purine-rich foods and drinks, or it can be caused by an underlying medical condition, such as obesity, kidney disease, or diabetes. Gout is typically diagnosed by a physical exam and by measuring the level of uric acid in the blood. Treatment for gout involves medications to reduce inflammation and pain, as well as lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of flare-ups.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, systemic inflammatory disorder that affects many joints. It typically causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints and can eventually lead to damage to the joints and other organs of the body. The most commonly affected joints are in the hands, wrists, feet, and knees.
The cause of RA is unknown, but it is believed to involve an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks healthy tissues. RA is more common in women, and it usually begins between the ages of 40 and 60.
Common symptoms of RA include joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. Other symptoms may include fatigue, fever, and weight loss.
Diagnosis of RA is based on a physical exam and blood tests. Imaging tests such as X-rays and MRIs may also be ordered to check for joint damage.
Treatment for RA includes medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs). Other treatment options include lifestyle changes, such as exercise and weight management, and physical and occupational therapy. Surgery may be an option for severe cases.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, degenerative joint disease that affects the cartilage of the joints. It is a common form of arthritis, especially in older adults. Symptoms of Osteoarthritis can include joint pain, stiffness, swelling, and decreased range of motion. Diagnosis is typically made through a physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays and MRI scans. Treatment options may include medications to reduce inflammation and pain, physical therapy to strengthen the joint, and lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise to reduce stress on the joint. Surgery may be necessary in more severe cases.
The musculoskeletal system is an important part of the human body, providing vital support and protection to our bones, muscles and nerves. Unfortunately, it is also susceptible to a variety of diseases and injuries. This article takes a look at the 10 most common diseases of the musculoskeletal system, as well as their symptoms, causes, and treatments. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of musculoskeletal disease, causing pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints, as well as a decrease in joint range of motion. Other common diseases include rheumatoid arthritis, gout, fibromyalgia, carpal tunnel syndrome, rotator cuff injuries, osteoporosis, tendinitis, bursitis, and epicondylitis. Treatment for these ailments can include physical therapy, rest, medications, surgery, and lifestyle modifications.