Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bones to become weak and fragile due to a decrease in bone density. This can lead to an increased risk of fractures and other health problems. Symptoms of osteoporosis may include back pain, a stooped posture, and fractures of the bones in the arms and legs.
The primary cause of osteoporosis is a lack of calcium and vitamin D in the diet. Other possible risk factors include family history, age, gender, smoking, and a sedentary lifestyle.
Diagnosis of osteoporosis is usually done through a bone density test. This test measures the amount of calcium and other minerals in the bones. Other tests may also be used to assess the risk of fractures.
Treatment for osteoporosis usually focuses on increasing calcium and vitamin D intake, as well as exercising regularly. Medications may also be prescribed to help slow the progression of the disease.