EN  |  ES
Systemic lupus erythematosus - signs, diagnosis, treatment.

Systemic lupus erythematosus - signs, diagnosis, treatment.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic, autoimmune disorder that can affect multiple organs and bodily systems. It is an unpredictable and potentially serious medical condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. SLE is an inflammatory condition that can cause a wide range of signs and symptoms. It is also known as lupus.

Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of SLE vary from person to person. Common signs and symptoms include fatigue, joint pain and swelling, fever, skin rashes, and hair loss. Other signs and symptoms may include chest pain, anemia, sun sensitivity, and kidney problems.


The exact cause of SLE is unknown. It is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Risk Factors

Certain factors may increase your risk of developing SLE, including:

• Age: SLE can develop at any age, but it is most common in women between the ages of 15 and 45.

• Sex: Women are more likely to develop SLE than men.

• Family history: Having a family member with SLE increases your risk of developing the condition.

• Ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups, including African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and Native Americans, have an increased risk of developing SLE.


There is no known way to prevent SLE. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk, such as avoiding exposure to the sun, limiting contact with people who have illnesses, and eating a healthy diet.


To diagnose SLE, your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask about your medical history. They may also order lab tests, such as a complete blood count, urine test, and an antinuclear antibody (ANA) test.


Treatment for SLE depends on the severity of your symptoms. Common treatments include medications, such as corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, and lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise.

Coping and Support

Living with SLE can be challenging. It is important to find ways to cope with the stress and anxiety that can come with the condition. Talking to a therapist or joining a support group can be helpful.


SLE can cause complications, such as heart and kidney problems, stroke, and depression. It is important to talk to your doctor about any signs or symptoms of complications.

Living with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Living with SLE can be difficult, but there are ways to manage the condition and live a healthy life. You should talk to your doctor about the best treatment plan for you and follow their advice. Additionally, it is important to take steps to reduce stress and get plenty of rest. With the right treatment and lifestyle changes, you can manage your SLE and live a full and active life.